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The 5 Most Powerful Creatures From Mythology

by on November 13, 2020

Written by Michael Dehoyos, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom

All cultures throughout the world have their own legendary creatures. These creatures were believed to be extraordinary animals or hybrids who possessed special abilities or attributes. While some were believed to be highly intelligent, others were known for being dangerous and powerful. Here we explore the top five most powerful mythical creatures.

1. Chimera

Illustration of a chimera by Jacopo Ligozzi, 1590–1610

The Chimera originates from Greek mythology and was thought to be a female monster from Asia Minor. The two-headed chimera was in fact comprised of three animals: she had a lion’s head and body, upon which sat a second head – that of a goat – and had a snake for its tail. A fire-breathing monster, it was in fact the goat head which breathed out fire.

Memento Mori in the Ancient World

by on November 6, 2020

Written by Titus, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom

Almost every civilization and religion has been conscious of the inevitability of death. While it may sound terrifying, it is an eventual reality. No one comes out of life alive.

Memento mori is a Latin phrase that roughly translates as “remember that you die.” It originated in the Roman Empire but the same concept can be found in many ancient civilizations.

The Angel of Death, by Evelyn De Morgan, 1880

In Republican Rome, starting with Sulla, the Senate struggled to keep the popular Roman generals in check. The Senate and other political entities were very concerned with the possibility of a powerful general taking over the state and declaring himself king. The assassination of Julius Caesar was also the result of several senators being afraid of Caesar’s aspirations to crown himself.

A Short History of Voting in the Ancient World

by on November 4, 2020

Written by Ed Whalen, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom

Like so much else in the modern world, voting was invented by the Classical World. The complex system of elections that we see today in America and other nations was first developed in Greece and Rome. However, voting in the Graeco-Roman World was often very different from today.

Tribal origins of voting

Many early tribal societies were democratic in that they elected their kings or leaders. Many even elected a council of elders. There is a long history of elections and democracy in so-called primitive societies. Many early Greek societies had a tradition of voting. This is most apparent in the first recorded use of voting, which took place in Sparta. This involved the election of the ephors.

The Education System In Ancient Greece

by on November 3, 2020

Written by Katherine Rundell, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom

In the disciplines of math and philosophy it is broadly accepted that we have the ancient Greeks to thank for them. From Aristotle to Pythagoras, these towering figures spent countless hours considering the deepest problems of their age, often coming up with new paradigms for them. Metaphysics, algebra, geometry and epistemology were all pretty much invented by the ancient Greeks.

We know that Athenian society devoted many resources to education, and ultimately produced some great minds. But beyond the big names – the scientists, philosophers and mathematicians that have become household names, you may know little about the Ancient Greek education system.

Greek school, illustration

The Structure Of School

How Can We Train our Character?

by on November 3, 2020

“I can’t imagine how anyone can say: ‘I’m weak’, and then remain so. After all, if you know it, why not fight against it, why not try to train your character?” “The Diary of a Young Girl” by Anne Frank
Some books are well worth a reread… and this one is no exception. Many times throughout the last 7 months of quarantine, occupied in our interior apartment, I have thought of Anne Frank, and so I found myself delving into her world and thoughts once more.
Her presence of mind and thoughtful insights, written in a clear and elegant style, would no doubt make Marcus Aurelius proud. Her dedication to improving herself, despite her situation, is nothing less of incredible… and is something regularly espoused by the Stoics.
Not to mention the excellent practice of keeping a diary in the first place!

Assyria: Land of Demons

by on October 30, 2020

By Benjamin Welton
There is a story (most likely untrue) that begins with a team of European archaeologists overseeing a dig in northern Iraq. They are somewhere near Mosul, the current stronghold of the Sunni extremist group ISIS in Iraq. They have come to this part of the world in order to excavate relics from the bygone empire of Assyria – a brutal, but effective state composed of warrior kings and their dreaded armies.
For the archaeologists themselves, the importance of Assyria is twofold: first, the Assyrian state ruled for a time the world’s largest and most powerful empire. They reigned by the point of the sword, and tales of their shocking inhumanity on their vanquished foes still have the ability to terrify even the sternest of imaginations.
Secondly, the Assyrians, and the empire they created, were one of the great foes of both the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah. As such, Assyrian villains are sprinkled throughout the Old Testament. Indeed, the Book of Nahum details the fall of the Assyrian capital of Nineveh, the most reviled fortress city in the ancient Near East. For the Jews, the early prophecy that Nineveh, the: