Thales of Miletus (624-546 BCE)
   Branch: Metaphysics Approach: Monism “Hope is the only good that is common to all men; those who have nothing else
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Socrates (469-399 BCE)
Branch: Epistemology Approach: Socratic Dialogue “The life that is unexamined, is not worth living” Socrates is often pointed to as
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Pythagoras (570-495 BCE)
Branch: Metaphysics Approach: Pythagoreanism “Reason is immortal, all else mortal” While Pythagoras has become known as one of the first
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Plato (427- 347 BCE)
Branch: Epistemology Approach: Rationalism “And first he will see the shadows best, next the reflections of men and other objects
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Heraclitus (535- 475 BCE)
Branch: Metaphysics Approach: Monism “Nothing endures but change.“ Like many of the pre-Socratics, the philosopher Heraclitus would be remembered for
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Parmenides (515-445 BCE)
Branch: Metaphysics Approach: Monism “The only roads of inquiry there are to think of: one, that it is and that
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Diogenes of Sinope (404-323 BCE)
Branch: Ethics Approach: Cynicism “In a rich mans house, there is no place to spit but his face” Diogenes of
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Epicurus (341- 270 BCE)
Branch: Ethics Approach: Epicureanism “The art of living well and the art of dying well are one in the same”
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Sappho (630 BCE- 570 BCE)
Born on the island of Lesbos around 630 BCE, this date is often disputed, surprisingly little is known about the
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Virgil (70 BCE- 21 BCE)
Virgil or Publius Vergilius Maro, his full name, is one of the most celebrated and influential of the ancient Roman poets.
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