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Tag Archives: Marcus Aurelius

How to Be a Citizen of the World

The term ‘cosmopolitan’ is derived from the Greek kosmou politês, which roughly translates to ‘world citizen.’  The notion of what it means to be a cosmopolitan was probably best expressed in a response often attributed to Diogenes the Cynic who, when asked where he came from, responded, “I am a citizen of the world.” Cosmopolitanism,

Marcus Aurelius and the Sophists on Justice

Stoicism and the “Great Discourse” of Protagoras by Donald Robertson, author of “How to Think like a Roman Emperor” Learn more from Donald in his upcoming 4 week course, “Marcus Aurelius: Life and Stocism” – starting August 4th What is it, then, that arouses your discontent? Human wickedness? Call to mind the doctrine that rational

Chrysippus the Under-Rated

By Jacob Bell, Associate Editor, Classical Wisdom “If Chrysippus had not existed, neither would the Stoa.” This became a popular catchphrase of the Stoics. The Stoics viewed Chrysippus as a central figure in helping to establish the core doctrines and principles of Stoicism. Chrysippus is often hailed as the “second founder of Stoicism.” The Stoics

Epictetus, the Stoic-Slave

By Jacob Bell, Associate Editor, Classical Wisdom Epictetus was a Stoic philosopher that lived from 55-135 CE. He came before Marcus Aurelius and after Seneca. Epictetus was a slave for much of his youth and began studying philosophy under Musonius Rufus during his enslavement. He gained his freedom sometime after the death of Emperor Nero

Carnuntum: Where Marcus Aurelius Wrote The Meditations

By Donald Robertson, author of How to Think Like a Roman Emperor: The Stoic Philosophy of Marcus Aurelius. (Thanks to Landessammlungen Niederösterreich, Archäologischer Park Carnuntum for permission to use photographs of their exhibits.) If thou would’st master care and pain, Unfold this book and read and read again Its blessed leaves, whereby thou soon shalt see

Marcus Aurelius, Stoicism and Pain

By Donald Robertson, author of How to Think Like a Roman Emperor: The Stoic Philosophy of Marcus Aurelius, discusses strategies for coping with pain derived from the ancient wisdom of Stoicism. The physical frailty of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius was notorious, and of great concern to his subjects.  Around 174-175 AD, he was in such