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Tag Archives: Sparta

Xenophon: A Biography of the Historian, Poet and Military Strategist

By Eldar Balta, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom Xenophon’s Early life Not much is known of Xenophon from his early years, except that he was son of Gryllus, a wealthy citizen of Erchia, a suburb of Athens. He was born circa 430 BC, and not much is known of his life up to 401 BC. This

The Peloponnesian War Summary of Battles and Betrayals: Athens’ Last Stand

The Peloponnesian War Summary of Battles and Betrayals: The Sicilian Expedition can be found HERE. The year is 413 BC and the battle between Sparta and Athens continues to rage. The war, which saw a brief 6 year peace, is now back on after Athens’ bitter defeat in Sicily. The Spartans had sent aid to

The Peloponnesian War – The Sicilian Expedition

The Sicilian Expedition To read the previous segment on the Peloponnesian War, Click HERE. When we left off last week, the Peloponnesian war had been raging for 16 odd years, with the latter six under a suspicious title of ‘peace’. The dominance of the Athenians had been questioned and the first set of battles ended

The Peloponnesian War Summary of Battles and Betrayals – Part Two

To Read Part One, Click here: https://classicalwisdom.com/the-peloponnesian-war-summary-part-one/ The entirety of the Peloponnesian war is broken into two parts, punctuated by a brief, and probably very welcomed, armistice. The total engagement, with all its battles and betrayals, began in 431 BC and finally concluded with complete devestation in 404 BC. The first collection of campaigns, referred

The Peloponnesian War Summary of Battles and Betrayals – Part One

You couldn’t imagine two cities less alike. Athens was a powerful democracy where citizens spent their days reclining and discussing politics and culture. Sparta was a ruthless oligarchy where individuals were born and bred to fight. Athens controlled a large, mostly coastal territory with its commanding navy, while Sparta was infamous for its authoritative army.